ROP Description - Definition 

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The Regional Operational Programme of “Western Greece – Peloponnese – Ionian Islands” represents one of the five new territorial sections, which were created within the frame of the regeneration actions of the programming period management framework for 2007-2013. The territorial section includes three Regions that correspond to the Convergence objective 1, meaning that they present all of them a Gross Domestic Product less than 75% of the average community value.

The ROP of Western Greece – Peloponnese – Ionian Islands was approved by the decision of the Commission Ε (2007) 5441/05-11-2007.

As far as the development performance, the three Regions of the territorial section present variations, which are associated to a number of factors, while at the same time they share some common features.

In more detail:

  • The programming area includes two relatively large in geographical, population and market terms Regions (Peloponnese and Western Greece) and one small, insular region situated at a distance from the national center (Ionian Islands). The programming area is inhabited by 14% the country’s population, but with inequality of population distribution within the area (216,000 residents in the Ionian Islands, 638,942 residents in the Peloponnese and 728,000 residents in Western Greece). The territorial section contributes 12% to the national GDP, being, however, last among the remaining four territorial sections in terms of product per capita.
  • The historic development in the period 1995-2003, when the convergence level of the Greek economy was significantly increased, brought a different rate of convergence in the three constituting administrative Regions. The Peloponnese has shown high development rates (>1.5% annually), the Ionian Islands low rates (between 0.5% and 1% annually) and Western Greece remained stable (<0.5% annually). Basically, the Region of Western Greece shows the greatest developmental lag, while the Ionian Islands and the Peloponnese show mixed performances.
  • The Peloponnese is a traditionally agricultural Region, which shows a concentration of the population mainly in densely populated areas and a tendency to move from sparsely populated areas to medium or highly populated areas.  The Ionian Islands is an insular, tourist region with the features of a sparsely populated zone and intense tendencies for movement towards the most sparsely populated areas from the more densely populated ones.  Western Greece is the Region with hardly a recognizable character, with a densely populated zone and clear tendencies towards an increase of the urbanization.
  • The Peloponnese contributes at a rate exceeding 10% to the shaping of the Gross Value Added (GVA) in the primary sector where the specialization rates are significant.  The Peloponnese, however, shows an especially high participation (>30%) of the secondary sector in the regional GVA (due to special concentrations of hyperlocal activities, without the respective diffusion of developmental results in the Region) and a very high participation (> 55%) of the tertiary sector in the regional GVA. Western Greece has participation lower than 10% in the national GVA of the primary sector, but somewhat high specialization rates of the primary sector in the regional GVA (standing at 13%). The participation of Western Greece is, however, low in the shaping of a national GVA of the secondary sector (17%), but high enough (71%) as regards the tertiary sector. The Ionian Islands have low participation of the primary and secondary sector in the regional GVA, but a high participation of the tertiary sector (66%). Hence, tertiary sector constitutes the primary production sector in the whole territorial section of Western Greece – Peloponnese – Ionian Islands, according to the tendencies of national and global economy.
  • In regards to the employment sector, the rates exceed 60% for the Ionian Islands and the Peloponnese and are below 60% in Western Greece.  For the latter, the low employment (penultimate in all Greek Regions) is associated with the low GDP per capita, meaning, it expresses the inability to employ a good number of persons in production activities.  Moreover, Western Greece shows a high unemployment rate and given that poverty is closely associated with unemployment, this Region has one of the highest rates of population threatened by poverty. The Ionian Islands have a high unemployment rate, but a very low rate of long-standing unemployed, which is attributed to their great contribution to the national tourist product (a similar picture is given in other insular Regions too).  The Peloponnese has the best employment rates in the territorial section, meaning, higher ratio of active population in total, high employment rate both in the total number of employees and in the special categories and relatively low unemployment, meaning, it is the Region that approaches the most the reviewed objectives setting of the Lisbon strategy, taking, however, into account the agricultural character, shaped by the high rates of man power having underemployment as its basic feature.

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Last modification date: 14/04/2010